Types of Central Heating Systems In buildings and homes the most common standard heating systems in the central heating systems. You can find central heating systems especially used in places with cooler climates. What makes up the system includes a heating unit such as a heat pump, furnace or boiler in a central location. You can use different types of fuels for the heating unit such as oil, coal, electricity, natural gas, or others. Heat is dispersed throughout the whole building when the central unit heats air, steam, or water. Part of the system can consist of ductwork, piping, or radiators which are in the outlying spaces. The furnace room, boiler room, or mechanical rooms are the central locations where the furnace or boiler of a large building are located. Basement units or closets called furnace rooms can be had in private homes. You can put a heat pump with inside or outside a building. Heat pumps can sometimes be placed on the flat roof of a building.
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If you have a furnace or boiler, then piping or ductwork is carried to all parts of the building. For systems that are forced air units, ductwork carries the heated air to the rooms. For the air to circulate through the ducts into the rooms, the system uses a fan or a blower. Putting a thermostat set within a room or area will allow the amount of heat to be controlled. There are usually filters or air cleaners attached to the system to prevent blowing or forcing dust or mold into the room.
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Sometimes rooms have radiators, and these radiators give heat to the room from heated water which is sent through the piping from a hot water source. It is by convection that the radiators heat and not by radiant heat. You can place radiators on walls or within the floor so that the floor surface can also be heated. During hot weather, the same ductwork can be used to distribute air conditioning results throughout the building. Heat circulated by means of fluid needs a pump to equalize the distribution of heat throughout the building. Hot water heat systems also combine with hot water for the household. In order to provide the household with hot water for bathing and dishes, there is usually a secondary heat exchanger within a storage container that allow this. The optimum efficiency of the heating system is ensured if the radiator or vents is placed in the proper location. Near windows or in the coldest parts of the room are the best places to put radiators. For condensation to be minimized then the radiator should be near the window. The proper air flow is set up by heat near the window to make best use of the heating element. It is true that directing the heat away from windows defeats the positive air currents that are required for best efficiency.